The management of household and similar waste is entrusted to the municipalities, which can transfer to a public establishment of inter-municipal cooperation (EPCI) either the whole of this competence, or the part of this competence including the treatment, the dumping of ultimate waste as well as the operations of transport, sorting or storage which relate to it.
The service can be financed under the general law (general budget) or under a specific financing system with either a household waste collection fee (REOM) or a household waste collection tax (TEOM).
The packaging collected from the consumer by the local authority is transported to the sorting centres.
A sorting centre is a plant that separates packaging according to its material: paper, cardboard, aluminium, steel, and the different types of plastic.
There were approximately 148 in metropolitan France in 2021.
The eco-design of a product is based on the principle that it is possible to reduce the environmental impacts at all stages of the life cycle of a product, service or process. Thanks to this approach, it is possible to limit environmental impacts by 70 to 80%.
First, the different stages of a product’s life cycle must be determined.